A new study ,“The Scarring Effects of Primary-Grade Retention? A Study of Cumulative Advantage in the Educational Career,” by Notre Dame sociologist Megan Andrew, casts serious doubt on the value of Primary Grade Retention.
At present, 15 states plus the District of Columbia and New York City and Chicago, are using 3rd Grade Retention to end Social Promotion.
Megan Andrew’s study is the first study we are aware of to track matched populations of kids, who had similar profiles, and some were promoted and some retained.
It turned out Grade Retention resulted in a 60% increase in the likelihood a child would not graduate high school.
This other paper that analyzed 21 different studies on grade retention found18 out of 21 show no or negative effects from grade retention.
The one positive study showed some gains, but the students who faced 3rd Grade Retention were given a highly qualified teacherm, a different curriculum and 90 minutes a day of reading help.
What if we shifted the focus to Success by 3rd Grade (TM)
Success by Third Grade (TM) makes a ton more sense because:
– We know who is a struggling reader by 1st grade
– We can provide both the highly qualified teacher and intensive instruction in 1st, 2nd and 3rd grade
– The early intervention can give one an extra two years to get it right
– It avoids the negative effects of 3rd Grade Retention
– Proactive help would boost self-esteem and not crush it
We have written a book “Success by 3rd Grade“, and welcome your thoughts on how we can increase the number and percentage of students who enjoy Success by Third Grade. For more information visit Success by 3rd Grade.