A mom typed in What is Dyslexia and got these two answers:
What is dyslexia?
Dyslexia has been around for a long time and has been defined in different ways. For example, in 1968, the World Federation of Neurologists defined dyslexia as “a disorder in children who, despite conventional classroom experience, fail to attain the language skills of reading, writing, and spelling commensurate with their intellectual abilities.”
Q: What Is Dyslexia?
A: Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin.
It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and / or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.
Mom was confused. Then she typed Dyslexia Boca Raton into her browser and was even more confused.
Her son was a classic right-brain dyslexia student
He remembered places visited, even from years ago?
He learned best when he saw and experienced information
His reading comprehension was not consistent with his intelligence
She saw all the signs of his being a right-brain learner, and could not figure our how just decoding would make the difference.
Her son had been in two years of a decoding program. He read fluently — meaning he could read out loud.
The challenge was his comprehension was now two years below grade level.
The first definition of what is dyslexia refers to a problem with reading, writing and spelling not be consistent with his intelligence. That was true.
The second referred to a sound symbol challenge which he did not have.
If the symptoms of dyslexia are consistent with a reading, writing and spelling problem, then a person is free to choose the solution that works for their child
If the Dyslexia symptoms are strictly related to phonics, then the treatment is likely to be phonics, phonemic awareness, vocabulary and more of the same
We realize phonics and phonemic awareness are important, but for the right-brain learner who learns differently and who often has challenges with attention, eye teaming and related issues, it is important to ask five questions:
– Does your child have difficulty with the meaning of frequently used words (e.g. but, what, if. except etc.)
– Does your child have difficulty remembering words your child has seen and not mastered?
– Does your child skip words and lines when reading?
– Does your child lose focus when doing work that is boring or frustrating?
– Does your child visualize what your child reads?
Like most parents, the mother found 4 out of 5 of these to be true — often three are true and even more often five are true.
The mom asked, “Does that mean that you address frequently used word vocabulary, pattern recognition skills, attention, eye teaming and visualization skills.
The simple answer is yes, where these problems exist we do address the issue and then move on to phonics, phonemic awareness, fluency, vocabulary and reading comprehension