What If the Right Dyslexia Treatment is a More Comprehensive Approach
This article says that neuroscience has debunked four common dyslexia myths
This is consistent with what we call phonological dyslexia. There are others we see the right-brain learner as often having dyslexia or what we call right-brain dyslexia. In red are our comments to what the article says.
1. Dyslexia is a phase that children grow out of.
False. While many people with dyslexia may develop effective work-arounds or strategies for dealing with their reading problems, dyslexia is a lifelong condition. Neuroscience research includes many studies of adults with dyslexia.
The numbers are clear. dyslexia is not a phase. Almost 90% of the 1st graders with a word identification issue become poor readers in 4th grade and over 70% of the students with dyslexia in 3rd grade still have dyslexia in 12th grade
2. Dyslexia is a euphemism for “lazy” or “stupid.”
False. While dyslexia can sometimes be difficult to diagnose precisely, it is defined as difficulty in learning to read despite normal intelligence and effort. Studies have shown differences in the structure and activity of people with dyslexia compared to those without the disorder.
Dyslexic students will sometimes work twice or three times as hard as their peers.
3. Dyslexia is a “different way of thinking.” Trouble reading means gifted in other areas.
False. While some people with dyslexia are indeed highly gifted in art, architecture, music, or other areas, these gifts may not be a related to dyslexia, and not all people with dyslexia show these traits.
Dyslexia covers the whole spectrum. You have the Einstein, Edison, Disney, Schwabs and Bransons who are highly gifted and you have others who are above average, average and below average IQs. The brain scans of people with dyslexia clearly show more right-brain activity and the results show a problem with phonics. One could describe these individuals as having right-brain dyslexia or phonological dyslexia or both
The gift of dyslexia may actually be the gifts of the right-brain learner.
4. Dyslexia consists primarily of visual-perceptual issues, such as reversing the order of letters.
False. While there are visual-perceptual conditions that can lead to difficulty reading despite normal intelligence (such as Meares-Irlen syndrome), the modern scientific understanding of dyslexia focuses on the concept of phonological processing — trouble perceiving and processing phonemes, the smallest units of sound that differentiate word meanings in a language, as well as trouble mapping phonemes onto the letters that represent them.
There are many people who hyper focus on the problem with phonics and dispute the visual challenges as being related to the dyslexia. There are others who see that many right-brain learners have dyslexia and visual challenges — if both are true, it is critical to address them both.
We see phonological dyslexia, right-brain dyslexia and visual challenges in so many of our students. The key to maximizing a dyslexic’s students success is to address all three issues.
For the right-brain learner, the sight words or frequently used words are difficult to visualize — a multisensory approach is needed to address this challenge
The right-brain learner needs to learn to master words he or she has seen and not mastered
The dyslexic student with a visual challenge needs that to be identified and addresssed
Then the phonics, phonemic awareness, vocabulary, reading fluency and reading comprehension issues need to be addressed
The right dyslexia treatment requires a comprehensive diagnosis
For more information visit our 3D Learner Dyslexia Page