Learning Ally, formerly Recording for the Blind and Dyslexia, has put together an excellent overview of Dyslexia Symptoms
Their focus is on outputs — difficulty with reading, writing and math word problems.
This is very different from the International Dyslexia Definition of Dyslexia that says about Dyslexia:
“It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and / or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.”
At 3D Learner, we do not look at the Symptoms of Dyslexia. We first focus on how a student learns best. Many students who have come to us with Dyslexia were visual-spatial learners, who learn best when the student sees and experiences information. Take Jennifer, a classic visual-spatial learner who:
– Had difficulty understanding frequently used words
– Had difficulty remembering words the student has previously seen and not mastered
– Skipped words and lines when reading
– Could not pay attention to that which was boring
– Avoided reading material she did not enjoy
This diagnosis led us to what we call a 3D Learning Approach — where one teaches the visual-spatial learner in a visual-experiential way, while addressing their challenges and building their love of reading and learning.
The challenge with defining dyslexia as a phonics-based program is that it leads to dyslexia programs that focus on weaknesses. We recognize that phonics is important, but suggest you first consider a dyslexia program that: works on the foundational skills of helping your child to understand frequently used words that do not generate a picture; that helps your child to remember words; and to identify and address your child’s relevant issues.